How to Clear Pistol Malfunctions
Video and guidelines on clearing pistol malfunctions.
Note, this is done with dummy rounds. NO LIVE AMMUNITION is in the room.
If you choose to practice these verify the handgun is safe and clear by visually and physically checking it at least twice. Make sure no live ammunition is in the room you are practicing in. Verify you are using dummy rounds by checking each individual round.
How to Clear Pistol Malfunctions considerations and study guidelines:
Diagnostic vs. non-diagnostic assessment i.e. look at gun or work off what gun does or doesn’t do?
Will clearance method work in dark, on the move, with one hand (cred @heybminus)?
Are you just shooting or are you fighting? Is time a factor?
Aggressive manipulation of pistol allows extractor, ejector and recoil spring to do jobs most effectively.
Turning pistol so ejection port faces ground allows gravity to assist clearing any spent casings or debris.
Correct gear and pistol modifications can assist clearance such as mag extensions, enlarged mag base plates and grip mods.
If time not a factor(shooting)then all pistol malf’s can be remedied, with the exception of the failure to unlock, by unloading pistol all the way and reloading. For failure to “unlock” wherein magazine is removed and slide cannot be locked to rear, grasp top of slide with support hand firmly and with web of firing hand strike the tang or beaver tail of pistol to “unlock” then lock slide rear.
If time a factor (fighting) remediation is broken into Immediate Action (rapid fix) and Remedial Action (possibly more timely fix).
Immediate Action & Remedial Action
Immediate Action(IA)=robustly tap base plate of mag,assuring proper seating of mag and aggressive reciprocation of slide (rack). This method works to fix gun out of battery, failure to feed/fire, failure to eject (stovepipe) and any debris lodged in ejection port.
Remedial Action(RA)=when gun, gear and operator hand strength will allow, engage mag release, rip mag out of gun, reinsert mag and reciprocate slide. This works to fix linear malfunctions/failure to extract (double feeds). IF mag cannot be removed in an efficient manner then lock slide to rear, remove magazine, reciprocate slide (more than once) and reload
Quick Reference -If gun does not shoot when trigger pressed then IA= tap+rack. IF IA didn’t work then RA=rip mag out-reinsert+rack or lock-rip-rack-reload. When slide won’t move to rear then web hand strike to tang. If out of battery then tap rear of slide with palm or tap+rack.
Dummy rounds used here, clear guns and remove live ammo from room.
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