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MDTS is a New York based firearms training and personal protection consulting company. We specialize in pistol, concealed carry, shotgun, carbine, defensive knife, less lethal, physical defense and threat awareness training courses. Mobile training courses are available in N.Y. and abroad. Contact us to host a training course at your range or location. Click logo below to see schedule of classes near you.

Posts Tagged ‘Carbine’

NEShooters Summit 2014

Posted on: March 14th, 2014 by admin No Comments

This will be five years that I have taught at the NEShooters summit in Pelham, NH. Training conferences like these are an excellent opportunity to sample and attend training on a number of personal protection and shooting oriented topics with some great instructors with varied backgrounds from all over the U.S. It is also a great way to connect with like-minded people while getting some excellent training. Come join us this year.

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Click on image for more details and registration information.



Speed & Trigger Dev Drill

Posted on: December 2nd, 2013 by admin No Comments



This drill and target are an adaptation of Ron Avery’s Trigger Bar Target drill. I first saw this drill in early 2000 and it helped me diagnose and improve on some trigger management issues I was having and improve my speed.


We use this target to help:

1) Develop a shooters speed via the use of tempo

2) Monitor and diagnose trigger management issues

3) Monitor and diagnose grip management issues


This drill requires 15 rounds total and begins at 3 yards.

The shooter fires five round on each vertical bar beginning with the bar on the left. The first five rounds are shot at a tempo of approximately 1 round per second. The goal for each set of five rounds fired is to keep all five rounds in a tight group in the middle of the first vertical bar. The next five rounds are shot at a slightly faster tempo, one round per every half second. The final five rounds are shot at an accelerated tempo of one round per every 1/4 second. You will notice each group becomes a little bigger than the last as shot tempo is increased. Do your best to keep all rounds in the vertical bar.

The shooters tempo can be dictated by a partner counting out loud. For example, for the first bar the count would be one-one-thousand, two-one-thousand, three-one-thousand and so on. Break the shot on the number. So, following a tempo of one-one-thousand, the shooter will shoot when they hear ONE, pause during the one-thousand and fire again on TWO, pause during the one-thousand, etc.. This takes approximately 1 second to say. Eventually, the shooter should be counting the tempo to themselves. Download the PDF (see link below) print it out and take it to the range. Directions for the other tempo’s are listed on the target.

Black Friday 10% Off

Posted on: November 29th, 2013 by admin No Comments

Use coupon code BF2013 at checkout to get 10% off all scheduled training classes or gift certificates from the MDTShop! One day only.

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Cold Weather Training

Posted on: November 24th, 2013 by admin No Comments


A lot of good lessons yesterday during our Practical Carbine Skills 1 class held at the Ontatio Rod & Gun Club hosted by Allstar Tactical. Temperatures and conditions varied greatly throughout the day from somewhat sunny and 36 degrees to near white out conditions and a low of 22 degrees by day end. Wind chill added to the lower temps although being surrounded by berms reduced that a bit. During debrief most agreed that training in the cold is something everyone should do once in a while. The cliche “If it ain’t raining, it ain’t training” is a bit overused in my opinion. While rain presents its own set of problems, cold rain, cold wind and snow present an even greater set of challenges to deal with. One big issue was the “bulkiness” of clothing such as coats and gloves and how they effected mounting, manipulation and firing of the carbine. Another observation was several guns acting kind of sluggish. I have heard from numerous sources that cold won’t have any effect on weapon lubricant. This may be true for the shooter going out hunting and firing maybe 1-5 rounds or a casual range day of target practice. However, after the first 200 rounds we observed guns that were well lubricated having cycling problems… something to consider and look into if you live or operate in colder environments.

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Having watched the weather I had a good idea that conditions would be less than optimal so I picked up a few cold weather pieces of clothing to test out:


Headwear – Smartwool Reversible Training Beanie Keeping warmth in the body with good head protection is essential. I like the smart wool training beanie because its not bulky like many winter beanies but still keep the head well insulated. Most thicker beanies tend to give me a headache after 9 hrs of continuous wear, with this one it isn’t an issue. Highly recommended.


GlovesMountain Hardwear Torsion Glove
– The Torsion glove worked great, not once were my hands or wrists cold. These gloves are also very form fitting to the hand so I didn’t have any loose material to get snagged in a mag well or on other pieces of gear. Highly recommended.


Base Layer– Icebreaker Tech T Lite Long Sleeve – I cannot say enough good things about Icebreakers gear. This is the second base layer I have purchased from them and without a doubt their merino wool is the most comfortable to wear directly against the skin. No itch, no irritation or discomfort, you forget its on. I cannot say this about other brands. A little pricey, yes, but it’s an item I find myself going to more and more during colder months so I have gotten my moneys worth. Highly recommended.


Mid Layer Smartwool NTS Midweight Crew and
Smartwool Midweight Bottom – Smartwool is a well known base layer brand and they have a good reputation for a reason. While I am not a fan of wearing their tops as base layers, as mid layers they are perfect when worn over the Icebreaker Tech. Highly Recommended.


Top Layer/Shell– Outdoor Research Ferrosi Hoody – I picked this up this week and this class was its first test. The Ferrosi Hoody is extremely lightweight and very thin. It offers an excellent level of wind buffering and protection for being so minimalist. Not once did I feel the wind and being down on concrete and in the mud and snow didn’t touch the durable outer shell. It is simply a shell though and does not have a layer of insulation so not recommended as a stand alone winter garment. For what I used it for, as a top layer meant for wind and wet protection it is highly recommended.


Footwear- Smartwool socks and Lowa Zephyr Mids – Smartwool has some of the best cold weather socks out there although I will be testing some of the Darn Tough Boot Socks soon. Lowa Zephyrs have been my range boot for several years now. I have tried Salomons, Asolos and others but keep coming back to the Zephyrs as the best all around terrain and weather boot. Highly recommended.





Overall, I was very happy with this set up and will continue to test it. My goal was to avoid any type of bulky, puffy coat in lieu of multiple layers. In the past, those bulkier outer garments got in my way too much inhibiting my ability to move and manipulate my firearms. Being ready for any potential personal protection threat isn’t just about the shooting. It’s about mindset and having the ability to endure uncomfortable conditions and situations. It’s about training in varied conditions whenever possible and it’s about having the right gear that you can rely upon to give you an upper hand against those potential threats. Get out there, train, practice and test.

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Multidisciplinary Proficiency

Posted on: November 8th, 2013 by admin No Comments


MDTS advocates a multi-disciplinary approach to training; we do not have to be an expert at one single skill, but strive to be proficient at certain core personal protection skill sets. The defensive arts for a well rounded practitioner, CCW holder, officer or infantryman comprise numerous disciplines and sub disciplines. How does one maintain proficiency in each discipline while living a normal life filled with family, job, obligations and limited resources? Is proficiency in each discipline important or is just “having a gun” good enough?


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The Problem
We will rarely have the luxury of knowing what type of combative encounter we may face. If I knew I was going to be in a gunfight I could plan accordingly or avoid the situation altogether. Herein lies the crux of the matter; having the skill sets necessary to deal with a wide variety of situations. Simply having a black belt or possessing a CCW does not prepare you for what you may encounter. One must have variable force options and skill sets to deal with dynamic, changing combative environments. “Specializing” in today’s world could spell disaster.


Essential Solutions
Proficiency in 5 core disciplines and their sub-disciplines should be acquired and maintained. Consider these disciplines and how they may apply to you:


1) Threat Recognition & Management Skills – TRMS encompasses verbal and physical challenge, diffusion and avoidance skills. This is probably one of the least taught but most utilized and important of all the disciplines. More time is spent talking to known and unknown contacts in our environment than we spend fighting them. This is the most relevant skill in our personal defense profile; on a daily basis this skill set is/will be used more frequently than any other.


2) General Physical Preparedness (GPP) – Second on this list simply because possessing the ability to run away from a potential encounter (or endure a prolonged encounter) should be a major tactical consideration. Without a base level of GPP your ability to utilize the skill sets outlined below with the exception of firearms (and that can be argued depending upon range of the encounter) will be severely limited. Some could argue that GPP should be #1 simply because it leads to better health.


3) Physical Defense Skills – Possessing the ability to defend oneself unarmed should take precedence over weapon/tool skills. Without unarmed physical defensive skills and the ability to counter sudden spontaneous attacks, the tools we do possess could be quickly nullified. Physical defense skills are often the easiest to find and yet this disciple is overlooked or ignored. This type of training also tends to be much more affordable than other disciplines.


Essential Physical Defense Sub-disciplines include:

a. In-Fight-Weapon-Access
b. DefenseAgainstArmedAssailants
c. Grappling/Ground Defense


4) Edged/Improvised Weapons Skills – Edged/Improvised Weapons are prevalent, easy to acquire and can be carried in more places than a firearm. They can provide a potential force multiplying option for carry in non-permissive environments (NPE). This is a core discipline due to the affordability of quality edged weapons, ease of concealment/every day carry and the relatively short amount of time it takes to acquire basic defensive proficiency

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5) Firearms (CCW) – Firearms come last in the hierarchy simply because there are non-permissive environments that firearms cannot be carried in or through. A large number of employers  are  NPE’s with more becoming so every day.



Please note: This is just an example of my personal training hierarchy. The disciplines I feel are essential and the order in which I determine how much of my limited training time is dedicated to each. This hierarchy may be different for you.



Proficiency or Empowerment
How do we acquire and then maintain proficiency in each of the outlined disciplines? What do you consider proficient? What standards do you hold yourself to? Is training done in an effort to succeed and overcome the strictest of tests and standards or to just slide by because you don’t enjoy training that particular skill as much as another. Do you focus on making training empowering by feeling good about what you have done during a class or training session or is your focus on challenging yourself and attempting to overcome previously set goals; sometimes failing? Step back from your current training regimen and consider where you’re at and how you determine which discipline gets the most attention, training time and duration? Developing a training hierarchy is a highly individual process; setting goals and following performance standards should go hand in hand with the development of a personal training hierarchy.



To quote veteran Law Enforcement Officer, MMA Fighter & Trainer Paul Sharp:

“Skills degrade under pressure. Train to the highest possible standard; put yourself under pressure constantly and consistently. The rest will work itself out as part of the evolutionary process.”



Performance Standards and Self Evaluation
Establishing performance standards for a specific discipline should not be a random process or left to the “instructor” to determine if we are good enough. Your instructor won’t be there to help you during a combative encounter. Each of the various disciplines in a personal hierarchy should follow some type of self evaluation process. A base level of proficiency needs to be demonstrated before shelving that skill set to place greater focus on another or seek training in a new discipline outside our core. Each core skill set must be trained under fixed conditions and then move into more complex multi-task, multi-variant combative simulations or conditions. For this article the standards I provide below are “generic”. Adhere to some type of self evaluation on a consistent basis or risk stagnation and/or skill loss. What these generic standards won’t evaluate is your ability to make applicable use of force decisions.


There is no such thing as “good enough”, there is always room for improvement.



Threat Recognition Standards – TRMS skills, like all others, need to be trained into a conditioned response; yelling verbal commands at a paper 2D target is not enough. Training must be conducted vs. a live, moving, speaking opponent. Key challenge phrases need to be ingrained and easily issued without conscious thought. Once this can be done, on command, while multi-tasking (moving and/or accessing a tool at the same time) you have met the first standard and can proceed to scenario work.




GPP Standards– This is a highly individualized area but there are some specific standards we can strive to achieve which will help us determine how much emphasis we need to place on this discipline. One very useful standard I have found is Ross Enamaits burpee test. A burpee is a combination of bodyweight exercises which tax your strength, endurance and anaerobic capacity when done in high repetitions. Ross’s standard is 100 burpee’s in 10 minutes for an average person or athlete and 5-7 min. for elite athletes. Because the burpee is a multi-body part exercise, working the upper body and lower body, the cardiovascular system and requires no special equipment the burpee excels as a personal training modality and evaluation tool. Other GPP standards include any of the LEO/MIL Personal Fitness Tests which are numerous since each unit/agency usually has their own. A good resource to follow is Ace Any PFT – Stew Smith . Stew Smith is a former NSW Operator who now specializes in physical training and preparedness. Once a basic PFT score is achieved then GPP training can be conducted 2-5 times/week to maintain this level and focus can be shifted to other core disciplines/sub-discipline or a new discipline.



Physical Defense Standards – While some have and do achieve a black belt in one style or martial system in 1.5 years others have been studying a martial system for 12 and still have not achieved this rank. Rank and meeting standards is not the same thing. Formal ranking in martial arts is highly subjective and simply achieving a black belt or instructor credentials does not mean fighting is known, mastered or that one is proficient at personal protection. Physical defense standards should follow a more objective path. Specific categories of unarmed physical defense should be outlined, trained and then pressure tested. If the pressure test is successfully navigated on a consistent basis from variable opponents within the context of criminal assault then proficiency has been demonstrated. Simply rehearsing a pre-arranged set of movements against a pre-arranged set of attacks (stimulus-response) is not demonstrable of skill under pressure or presented in a realistic manner.




For Physical Defense a core set of skill sets and sub-sets must be demonstrated:

1) Effective Default defense against spontaneous/ambush attacks. Trained solo and with partners and then pressure tested via moderate to full force spontaneous attack scenarios vs. single and multiple aggressors



2) Demonstration of Speed and Power for a limited number of “Hard Skills” – These skills may include chin-jab, elbow strikes, axe hand, knee strikes, kicks, jab/cross etc. (Specific skills are left to the trainee and or trainee’s coach/instructor to determine). This demonstration can first be performed on focus pads/shields then pressure tested via force-on-force drilling against padded assailants and finally through moderate to full contact sparring wherein only specific techniques are utilized thus demonstrating the ability to apply a skill on demand and during varying circumstances

3) Standing Grapple/Clinch – the same hard skills trained at range from your opponent are often difficult or impossible to apply while clinched or engaged in standing grapple. (This is why boxers often close and clinch to rest or weather a barrage of strikes from an opponent). Again, clinch skills are trained and proficiency is demonstrated via the ability to move in and out of and maintain control while in this range at will during moderate to full force sparring. This range may also include defense against and application of grabs and holds



4) Counter Take Down – the ability to negate an opponent’s ability to tackle, throw, or pull to the ground. Standards are met when one can consistently negate these attempts during alive, dynamic drilling and moderate to full force sparring against opponents knowledgeable and trained in these types of assaults


*In-Fight-Weapons-Access, Defense against Armed Assailants and Ground Grappling are sub-disciplines; separate entities requiring specific time and focus. They fall under Physical Defense because they are a natural extension of practical unarmed combat and beyond the scope of this single article.



Edged/Improvised Weapons Standards (EIW) – EIW standards begin with demonstrating a basic ability to access a specific tool (In-Fight-Weapon-Access). This skill must be repeatable under dynamic aggression and or moderate to full force drilling, scenarios, sparring. Demonstration of edged weapon hard skills such as movement off lines of attack, basic angles of attack, thrusts, slashes, strikes and combinations of above both solo and under pressure of attack



Firearm Standards (CCW) – Similar to EIW the ability to access the concealed (or stored) carry firearm solo and then under pressure of attack is fundamental may supersede even marksmanship. Fundamental, precision marksmanship standards such as 2 rounds into a 2 inch circle from 3, 5 and 7 yards with and without time pressure (timed drill). Combative marksmanship standards include 2 rounds in a 3×5 index card from variable distances under time pressure from in and out of the concealed holster, varied ready positions and varied body positions. Dynamic movement standards from in and out of the holster engaging an 8-10 inch center of visible mass target under time pressure while moving off line of attack in varied directions. Proficiency for all of the above demonstrated via square range drills PRIOR to engagement in live force-on-force scenarios and drills. A couple excellent resources which I have found useful in developing my personal standards include J. Michael Plaxco’s book “Shooting from Within” and Pat Rogers MEU-SOC Pistol Qualification course (page 2).

Hold yourself to some performance standard and train the skills you need work on based upon self evaluation of those standards. Fill the holes in your personal defense profile before someone discovers and exploits them.




True Multidisciplinary Proficiency
Rarely do we see multiple core disciplines trained in the same class or during the same workout. If we may have to traverse a force continuum ranging from verbal challenge to unarmed contact and perhaps even lethal force via the use of a firearm, why do we train them all separately? Secondly, can’t we cover a broader range of skill sets in one workout thus managing time and resources and accomplishing more if we batched several disciplines together? Is having the ability to transition from one discipline to another under pressure more important than any single discipline individually? True multidisciplinary proficiency is demonstrating that you possess a standard knowledge of each core discipline and you can seamlessly transition between each during a dynamic combative encounter. There are some good multidisciplinary or commonly referenced “integrated” training programs available such as those offered by SouthNarc, Progressive F.O.R.C.E. Concepts or Sharp Defense. Take a hard, honest look at what you are currently doing and why. Haphazardly jumping around from class to class or from skill set to skill set without reason or method is a sign of poor planning and preparation. A combative encounter may be completely random, preparation and training should not be.

NOV/DEC/JAN Schedule

Posted on: November 4th, 2013 by admin No Comments

Updated schedule for Nov/Dec/Jan, check it out and get in while you can.


AR15 Optics: Considerations, Tips & TTPs

Posted on: October 29th, 2013 by admin 3 Comments

AR15 Optics: Considerations, Tips & TTPs

By CPT Luke Slatton


During my career in the military I was fortunate enough to use a wide variety of optics on the M-4 weapon system. While all of these generally performed well, each was built with a specific purpose and I routinely saw optics being mounted and employed incorrectly, and improper optic use quickly became a personal pet-peeve. Consequently, I’ve put together a list of considerations, tips, and TTPs (tactics, techniques, and procedures) to help you decide what kind of optic to place on your AR, and some things to keep in mind while you are training.


Purpose is paramount when deciding what type of optic to use, and most AR15 optics can be grouped into these two categories:


1. Reflexive sights (red-dot/holographic/CQB)
2. Mid-Range optics (ACOG/Leupold CQT)


For the purposes of this article, I will give a quick rundown of the background, purpose, and correct employment of each optic, followed by a few tips, training TTPs, and lessons learned from my experiences with these optics.


Reflexive (non-telescopic) Sights

Initially developed in the competition world, the Reflexive sight caught the attention of the US military as early as 1975, but it wasn’t until 1993, after the intense urban fighting in the streets of Mogadishu that the military acknowledged the immense benefit this type of sight would provide in an urban combat setting. Thus by the year 2000, the reflexive style “red-dot” optic, (specifically the Aimpoint M68 CCO) was introduced by the military as the standard optic for every infantryman – and the rest, as they say, is history.


Designed in the competition world for super-quick target acquisition at close range, this style optic allows you to immediately snap the gun up and instantly acquire and fire upon your threat. Besides being insanely user-friendly, some other obvious benefits of this optic include ease of operation, versatility, and compatibility with many weapon systems. A couple of the downsides to this type of optic are that most are battery powered and must be turned on before using. This also corresponds to another downside, the adjustable reticle size/brightness.


There have been more than a few incidences where I have been out on patrol and looked down to find my optic had been turned off from bumping against my equipment while moving, had a dead battery (although most new optics will run forever on a battery), or I brought my weapon up to find that the bright light had washed my reticle away (which is specifically a problem when operations begin in low-light and continue long into the day).


I would strongly recommend this type of optic to anyone who is serious about owning an AR for personal-protection, and the reasoning is simple; under the fear, stress, and confusion of combat, this type of optic is easy to put into use for target location and identification.


Tips and Training TTPs

1. One of the biggest misconceptions about reflexive sights is these optics are “parallax free”. While this is true at longer distances, these sights do have some discrepancies at short range distances. A good rule of thumb is 50m and in, keep the red dot centered within the optic, and 50m and out the optic is unaffected by parallax. See the figure below:
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2. A simple dry-fire technique for reflexive optics: Bounce on the balls of your feet to simulate running and then stop bouncing abruptly, and practice falling into a solid reflexive fire stance (feet shoulder width apart with nose over toes). This will build your muscle memory and consistency in bringing the gun to the correct location (gun-to-head NOT head-to-gun), and negate the close range parallax associated with reflexive sights.

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Note the location of the optic; far forward on the rail system.  This allows both eyes to pick-up movement while holding the weapon in contact position.


3. Remember to mount your reflexive sight far forward on your rail system. This will allow your field-of-view to open up, and your peripheral vision to pick-up movement and potential threats. KEEP BOTH EYES OPEN! These optics are designed to be used with both eyes open, drastically improving your ability to acquire threats.


4. If you are using an optic that uses a knob to manage the brightness of the reticle, (any Aimpoint series, Bushnell is another) use white out or tritium paint to mark your standard setting. This “witness mark” will allow you to align two large white marks, and your optic is quickly set and ready.


5. Maximum range: Most red-dot style optics recommend use between 0-200m. As previously stated, these sights were designed for quick acquisition of close range targets. I can personally testify that I can ring up consistent hits on a man-sized silhouette at 300m, and have done so with both EOTech 552 and Aimpoint M68 sights. So, don’t relegate your training to close range. Train with your optic and push its boundaries!
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6. Tip for using your red-dot at night: Reflexive sights are a great option for low- light/no light use, as the reticle can be easily seen and acquired, but remember your ENEMY can also see your red dot! If you rapidly turn your red-dot to a high setting (anything past the third click on the Aimpoint), it will emit an eerie red glow from the business end, effectively giving you a signature as you sneak through the dark! Another good TTP is to make another witness mark on your adjustment knob for low-light applications.


Mid-Range Optics

The background of the mid-range optic on the AR style weapon system is the result of a recent explosion in popularity. The concept of the designated marksman within the standard infantry rifle squad is not a new concept, but during our most recent conflicts military leaders in the US Army and Marine Corps once again saw the benefits of imbedding a talented shooter, one who is trained to engage targets with a standard weapon system of ranges out to 800 meters. This type of training drove the implementation of the mid-range optic into service as a standard piece of equipment. By the year 2005, the military had produced doctrine on the use of mid range optics, and by 2007 mid-range optics were being fielded to all infantry units in combat.

Generally speaking the standard mid-range optic is inherently more complex to use, but when employed properly the mid-range optic becomes a serious force multiplier. Most mid-range optics usually come in 3-4x power, with many types being adjustable power, from 1x-4x. Mid-range optics were designed to provide an individual shooter with the ability to quickly acquire positive identification on targets and effectively engage at ranges of 400-600m and even up to 800m away if the shooter’s skills allow. These features make this type of optic attractive to employ on your AR, but as many soldiers and marines have discovered the mid-range optic is not a combat optic for the beginner.


It is easy to see the benefits of having a mid-range, such as increased accuracy at extended distance, increased target acquisition at distance, and good observation/surveillance while in a static position (scanning your sector). A couple downsides: if the fight moves to a confined space (indoors) you are at a disadvantage. Probably the biggest disadvantage in comparison with the red-dot is the need for consistent eye relief and head positioning, which makes it difficult to take quick shots from alternate firing positions (think supine prone).

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Pictured here is the Millett DMS-1; a durable and cost effective option for an adjustable mid-range optic.


Mid-Range Tips and Training TTPs

1. KNOW YOUR OPTIC! Educate yourself on the operational data of your optic. For example: Zeroing procedures are different for mid-range optics. The TA31 series ACOG must be zeroed at 100 yards for correct POA/POI farther downrange. Many optics in this category call for a 33 yard BZO, instead of the standard 25 yards. This correlates to 1/3 inch sight adjustments while zeroing, instead of 1⁄4 inch.


2. If your mid-range has a bullet drop compensator (BDC) and stadia, make sure you are using the correct weapon system for that optic. Most optics that contain BDC and stadia will reference the type of round used and the type of weapon system, specifically on the AR (M16 style long barrel/M4 style short barrel).


3. Another good tip to remember with BDC and stadia of the ACOG is that the width of the stadia and chevron in the ACOG correspond to a man-sized target at the appropriate range. This is an awesome tool for range estimation. Simply pick an object that is “man-sized” width at your target range and align the proper stadia, and that will give you good range estimation.

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4. When using an adjustable mid-range optic, Leupold CQ-T/Millett style, put some thought into where you leave your magnification. Personally, I always leave it on the lowest setting. If I need to increase the magnification, then I usually have the stand-off distance needed to provide me the opportunity to do so. I wouldn’t want to find myself in a situation where I bring the gun to bear in close contact, and I am looking at a fuzzy incoherent mass. If it constantly stays on 3x-4x consider changing to a non-adjustable optic.

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By taping a chemlight to the fiber-optic (as shown) you can increase the brightness of your reticle. This is a great and proven TTP for ACOG use in transitional light periods.


Back-Up Iron Sights (BUIS)

There is no such thing as an indestructible optic. I have personally witnessed (and experienced) optics fail during the critical moment when gunfire was being exchanged. This is when accurate gunfire was needed. Therefore, it should be a no-brainer that money should be spent on a good BUIS system. Train with them every time you train carbine specific skills. (Consider dedicating 50 rounds each training session for a year to BUIS only marksmanship and drills). There is a variety of modernized irons to choose from. Do the necessary research to make sure you have a set that is compatible with your optic. Here are couple considerations for BUIS use:


1. Does your optic allow you to view your BUIS through the optic? Do you have to remove your optic before using your BUIS? Personally, I prefer to mount my optics in a manner that allows immediate change-over to my BUIS system. If your BUIS is not compatible with the height over bore of your optic, utilize a quick detach mount. This will allow you to get your gun back into the fight quickly if your optic becomes inoperable.

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This was the result of a direct hit from a simunition round. Notice that you would NOT be able to use your BUIS through the optic. This begs the question: How quickly can you get your optic off and get your gun back into the fight?

2. Preferably your BUIS should be mounted so that they are visible in the lower 1/3 of your chosen optic. This allows max field of view in the case that you have to use your BUIS through your optic.


3. When running mid or extended range optics you should carefully consider your options:

a. Consider an offset BUIS if running a mid-range or extended range optic with which co-witnessing of BUIS is difficult. One excellent example is the Dueck Defense Rapid Transition Sight (RTS) seen below:

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Please be aware that such a BUIS system limits the operator to strong side sight utilization. This does not facilitate bilateral weapon operation, which I consider a CORE SKILL SET.


b. Another option is to conduct a quick change-over from scope to irons using quick throw lever mounts. This can be done really quickly if you train accordingly. The the implied task is to keep the BUIS close to the weapon system.


Final Thoughts

One of the few attributes of a gunfight that we completely control is the type of gear that we bring. So, don’t let good marketing and popularity make your optic choice. Put some serious thought into your optic choice because it can, and will, save your life.


After you make your decision, put your optic to the test and find its limitations. Take it to the range and see how quickly you can put accurate and effective gunfire down range. Then push that range to the limit. Can I run my gun and optic bilaterally? How quickly can I get my BUIS into the fight? How am I going to use this gun and optic in low-light and no-light? All of this takes hard work and training. In the end you will build proficiency and trust in your equipment. That training will come through when it’s most needed.